Sustainability

Introduction
Sustainability involves living mindful of the future, respecting, and embracing life in the present, while caring for the well-being of the generations to follow. Sustainability refers to meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of the future generation to meet their needs. It involves conserving natural resources and avoiding the waste in operations. Conservation and more efficient use of resources tend to lessen the burden of economic activity on the environment and also helps ensure that the activity can be sustained over time because the resources necessary will not be exhausted. For the last decade, sustainability has become an integral part of doing business in any industry. The social, environmental, and ethical issues are influencing a business decision. The ability to create value from and mitigating the risks associated with the ethical, environmental, and social issues increasingly impacts company reputation, access to capital, markets, and also the shareholder value. In this paper, the focus is on the research topic of building sustainable organization

Analysis of the field
A sustainable organization tends to recognize that the most significant threat to their performance and longevity is the failure to adapting to the changing circumstances. The changes may either occur in the society, environment, or through disruptive technologies or the shifting customer preferences (Jones et al. 2015). Organizational sustainability refers to the ability of the organization to achieve its goals and increase the long-term stakeholder value through integrating social, environmental, and economic opportunities into its strategies. Economists treat sustainability regarding the ways to keep the production system more viable. The ecologists and environmentalists focus on the perpetuation of the environment and its subsystems. On the other hand, sociologists have more concern with the impact on social and cultural systems. According to Wentzel et al. (2012), strong, sustainable development recognizes that different types of capital are interdependent. The capital may include social capital, human resources, economic or financial resources, cultural capital, and natural capital. So as to maintain a strong, sustainable development and equilibrium among the capital stocks, there is a need for careful and considerable choices on how to use each type of capital.

Sustainable development has not been very high on organizational agendas mainly because of the perception that sustainability is expensive to implement. Small enterprises normally lack the physical structure, human capacity, and ideas to integrate sustainability into its plans. Businesses tend to be destroying the world. The social and environmental costs are growing very fast than the benefit of economic growth, which is making us poorer and not richer (Jones et al. 2015). However, there are organizations that are working on changing from the wasteful and destructive practices to the restorative practices, finding competitive advantage, and cutting costs. The way of becoming a sustainable organization tends to be difficult, and it also involves changes to the mindset and innovation.

Building sustainable organizations

Background
Sustainability is becoming a popular topic as the business leaders face hardships with the poor economy. As companies are facing increasing problem when trying to achieve profitability, managers are looking for ways of decreasing costs while they maintain quality products and services. A sustainable organization is one that contributes to sustainable development through delivering simultaneously environmental, economic, and social benefits (Wentzel et al. 2012). There are four inter-related resources in building a sustainable organization. These resources include the organization itself, the environment, its community/society, and its human resources inside and outside the organization (Broadbent et al. 2013). If any one of these resources is not sustainable, then problems for the other three will develop in the long-term. When considering a sustainable organization, if any of the other three resources are not sustainable, neither is the organization (Jones et al. 2015).

The ability to adapt to change is a vital element to the survival of mankind and is a key to success as an organization, community, or corporation. Employees, stakeholders, and citizens should play a part when building a sustainable organization. Sustainable organizations utilize locally appropriate technology and strategies in securing their future ad benefit their locality. According to Broadbent et al. (2013), sustainability is all about operating an organization in an effective and efficient manner. Organizations are starting to shift towards business practices that respect people, planet and profit to remain competitive and also secure respected markets. When focusing on sustainability, it is essential that organizations should measure the resource use and also account for the external costs of services and goods. The benefit of having a sustainable organization is that many of the changes made are beneficial to the environment and health and also helps save money.

There tends to be a growing business interest in building a sustainable organization and increasing research and education interest in the topic of organizational sustainability. Organizations are scrambling to keep up with the fast-paced nature of commerce (Jones et al. 2015). Sustainability is not just a problem of technology or an issue of environmental concern; however, it is an idea that individuals and organization may continue to produce in infinity (Wentzel et al. 2012). Research attention has been focusing on the possible links between profitability and sustainability and also factors that cause organizations to pursue different sustainability strategies. However, there is less known on how to build a sustainable organization. There are various factors that organizations need to consider when building a sustainable organization.

Areas of debate
Leadership role
An important area of concern about this topic is the leadership role in fostering sustainability. There tends to be disagreement that sustainability matters, but the main question is how to implement the sustainability initiative successfully. A common trend in interpreting sustainability implementation is the context of the organizational change. The implementation of a successful sustainability program has organizational culture implications that produce accompanying resistance to change. Hence, an organization that is considering building sustainability potential should be prepared to overcome some of the major barriers such as eccentricities and employee resistance related to the organization-wide culture change. According to Lozano (2012), the internal sustainability goals should fully integrate with the organizational change efforts. It is only through planned organizational change that an organization moves to a sustainable performance. The modern organization usually has different change frameworks to choose from, and it is through successful implementation of the change management process that the organization can address the stakeholder’s needs and develop a long-standing sustainability mentality. According to Banerjee (2012), only output-forced change management process can ensure the success of a sustainability initiative.

Sustainability as challenge for success
While focusing on building a sustainable organization, an area of debate involves the process of sustainability as being a challenge for success. An organization’s contribution to a promising future come from increased positive impact of the business in the society and is achievable if the organization becomes sustainable. So as to assume the challenge, it is necessary that more and more organization should fully integrate themselves the sustainability in their operations and strategies. Sustainability is something that is not easy to achieve. According to Willard (2012), sustainability may be an integral part of the business strategy and operation only if the organization overpass the different challenges in each stage of the process for sustainability and develop new ways to tackle the challenges. Willard (2012), tend to propose five stage process that includes pre-compliance, compliance, beyond compliance, integrated strategy, and the passion and purpose. Compliance is an opportunity arising from the law, but organizations feel pressed to abide by the voluntary codes and legal standards (Farzad & Junker 2015). It tends to be tempting to adhere to the lowest social, economic, and environmental sustainability standard, but those organization is focusing on meeting the most stringent rules and norms gain more time to experiment with technologies, materials, and processes. In this regards, the first-movers tend to yield substantial advantages regarding fostering innovation. There is a lot that organizations need to do so as to ensure true sustainability in the business world.

System theory

The system theory tends to suggest that business sustainability factors are mutually dependent that could provide unexpected results. The system thinking theory originated from the concept that any external or internal action affecting one part of the system causes a reaction or the potential new action in others parts of the system (Dawidowicz, 2012). The system theory tends to form a platform for explaining and predicting any potential conflicts or problems in an organization and how the different parts of an organization interact and affect other parts to influence the outcome. The combination of the system thinking and system theory offer organization with tools to help understand the factors that provide sustainability for their businesses. The system thinking tends to be a dynamic business strategy for integrating and adapting project actions in the ever-changing environment. System theory is essential in understand issues relating to sustainability. Collaboration tends to strengthen relationships in a group, and it entails gather people with diverse expertise who understand parts of the system so as to facilitate a better procedure that may lead to organization success (Parker et al. 2012). When using system theory, it tends to provide flexibility in managing complexity, innovativeness, and the uncertainty in innovation projects more successful.

Impact of industries and technologies
The research topic involves building sustainable organizations. Sustainable organizations will have a positive impact on both technologies and industries. Due to the advancement in information and communication technologies, the industrial production tends to be experiencing a transformation process. Building sustainable organization will positively impact the manufacturing industry. Economically, sustainable organizations tend to encourage healthy businesses and industries with minimal environmental impact on the communities (Lozano 2012). Therefore, so as to maximize on the positive impact, the communities need to work towards attracting and supporting such industries and reducing or eliminate the negative impacts of the existing industries.

Building sustainable organizations also have a great impact on small business. It is essential to understand that the small businesses are a source of employment and providers and also consumers of services and goods that sustain the local economy. The operations of small businesses need to support the local ecology, utilize recycled products and materials, and also minimize the energy use and waste (Farzad & Junker 2015). As a way of maximizing the benefits to the small businesses, it is essential that government should focus more attention on providing small businesses with an opportunity of getting in the business world and provide the necessary resources that will help these organizations be successful in this environment.

Technology will continue changing the social, economic, and cultural fabric of the nations and the world community. However, with careful management, new and the emerging technologies offer enormous opportunities for raising productivity and the living standards for improving health and conserving the natural resources (Lozano 2012). The advances in information technology can help in improving productivity, resource efficiency, energy efficiency, and the organizational structure of the industry (Farzad & Junker 2015). Building sustainable organization will have an impact on the biotechnology, which will also have a major implication for the environment. The products of genetic engineering will dramatically improve the animal and human health. So as to maximize the positive impact, it is necessary that researcher receives the necessary support to help them find new therapies, drugs, and ways for controlling the disease vectors. The energy derived from the plants may increasingly substitute for the non-renewable fossil fuels. As a result of sustainability, biotechnology can also yield cleaner and even more efficient alternatives to the many wasteful processes and the polluting products (Serafeim et al. 2012).

The topic also has a great impact on finance and economics. People from different areas play a role in the future of the local economy. Building a sustainable organization is essential as it has a positive impact on economics and finance. While working together, local non-profit organizations, business leaders, government leaders, and citizens may analyze the resources and needs and guide the economy. There are different ways to maximize the positive impact. Pollution tends to be a form of waste, and it is also a symptom of inefficiency in industrial production. When the industries are recognizing pollution as being a cost, it motivates them to make an investment in improving the processes and products to increase efficiency (Li-Hua & Lu 2013). Thus, they reduce the pollution and waste that they generate while focusing on increasing the economic performance.

Future direction
When focusing on the topic of building a sustainable organization, an area of further research in this topic that can prove beneficial is sustainability in small businesses. Building business sustainability usually makes firms resilient as they tend to be better equipped to adapt to change. Sustainable organization are usually prepared for the future as they understand how their actions affect the natural environment, create long-term financial values, and also see their ties to others and contribute positive social change. There tends to be less research that focuses on sustainability and how it can benefit small business. Sustainability usually has environmental, social, and financial benefits that reinforce each other.

Sustainability tends to be a good choice for companies, society, and the environment. However, small businesses are facing some challenging at start-up and all through the life of the company (Serafeim et al. 2012). The survival of the small businesses continue to be a great problem, and the number of failures tends to exceed the number of new businesses that start every year. Some of the challenges include the high operating cost, barriers to entry, and also a small customer base. With a tight budget, it tends to be very difficult to convince managers to consider pursuing a costly move towards and environmental focus or even a social concern strategy. Successful small businesses tend to create a positive chain effect through helping communities, employees, families, and the government. While small business continues to fail in the business world, there is a need for further research that will help focus on strategies that small business can consider so as to be more sustainable (Li-Hua & Lu 2013). Identifying the factors that ensure the sustainability of small business can provide information that will help small business owners to improve their performance and also reduce the risk of failing. Also, identifying the success factors for the sustainability of small business can benefit every segment of the economy.

The impact of building sustainable organizations
Studying how to build sustainable organizations is of great impact in the field of sustainability. When building a sustainable organization, it is necessary for organizations to understand the benefit that they will achieve. Becoming environment-friendly tend to lower costs because organizations end up reducing the input that they use (Serafeim et al. 2012). Additionally, the process tends to generate additional revenue from the better products or even enables firms to create new business.

The benefit of this topic is that it provides an excellent analysis of building a sustainable organization. With a better understanding of sustainability, we find that companies can now start treating sustainability as innovation’s new frontier. The pursuit of sustainability is starting to transform the competitive landscape that will force firms to change the way they think about technologies, processes, products, and business models (Li-Hua & Lu 2013). When firms start treating sustainability as a goal today, the early movers will develop competencies that rivals will be pressed to match. The contribution of an organization a promising future through sustainability became a reality when sustainability judged as a progressive process that starts with the compliance and continues with sustainable value change and the design of the sustainable services and goods. The process will then end with the development of new business models.

Conclusion

Sustainable growth entails a business model that creates value consistent with the long-term enhancement and preservation of environmental, social, and financial capital. Sustainability in the organization entails the principle of enhancing environmental, societal, and economic systems in which a business operates. In ensuring sustainability, an important aspect is that organizations should measure the resource use and account for the external costs of goods and services. So that an organization can achieve sustainability to the end, it should have a sustainable strategy as the general business strategy. Those organizations that consider a sustainable strategy and practices are usually in a position of driving value through growing revenues regarding new services and products. They reduce costs through eco-efficiency, managing regulatory and operational risks more effective and also building intangible assets such as reputation, brand, and collaborative networks with suppliers, customers, and competitors.

Orientation and Training

Iteration 1: Orientation and Training
Student Name
Course
Instructor
Date

Plan

My internship program at Kronsys Inc was purposely for acquiring the skills and experience of being an expert as an SQL programmer and developer. I began my program with the orientation to the company and training of the SQL Webpage development process aspects. The actions of the process were developed through the following several tires of primarily familiarizing me to the company SQL Web Application developers along with the overall Kronsys Inc management. The second division of the orientation and training process was the familiarization with the aspects of SQL Webpage development process. In this case, I had to develop a detailed program of reviewing the tutorials, guidebooks, and journals in preparation for the training. The training preparation is the basis for establishing the ground of easily capturing and understanding what entails in project development and overall SQL Webpage development process.

To facilitate the individual training preparations I made some consultations to the company SQL web Application Developer professional for the guidance on how I was to go about the process. The third tier of the program was to hold a meeting with the project manager and the SQL and PL/SQL administrators for the understanding of the skills desirable for an SQL Programmer and Web Application developer. The last tier was the training on the different aspects of SQL Webpage development process along with the best understanding of different phases of project development life cycle. The internship program was scheduled to take the duration of two weeks. The activities within the orientation and training phase of the project will be undertaken in a sequential manner to ensure that the deliverables are much helpful to my future career of being an SQL programmer and Web developer expert.

Action
As a new attachee within the Kronsys Inc, I made pre-visit to the company before the reporting day to have the easy understating of the physical organization and location of the different departments of the organization. I made a visit as an ordinary guest and got to have the knowledge of the terrain of the company. On reporting, I begun with the introduction to the company SQL Web Application developing staff. The process was essential for the creation of the relationship that will allow the teamwork during my overall activities that I undertook at the company. The familiarization process was done by the movement from one office to the other. The knowing of each other gave me the courage now to begin on the program by developing a schedule of how I was to understand the aspects of SQL Web Application development process. I collected the relevant materials relating to the concept. The materials I majored in were the journals and the textbooks alongside the online studying. This was the preparation for the training of the SQL Web Application development concepts.

I studied the concepts under the guidance of the SQL Web Application development professional whom I made regular consultations. The consultation was to provide the way forward in the areas that I was too special and take much focus. The actions were the roots of understanding the principles of SQL Web Application development process during the training. After the individual training, I held a meeting that was described as the meeting of company governing and operational policies principles and procedures. The project manager defined and elaborated the governance of the company to secure the right direction for me. The following actions were holding meetings as the project manager takes me through the training of the SQL Web Application development process and overall project development process phases.

Observation
Orientation carries its weight when it comes to new staffs within an organization. I deliberately made the company pre-visit because I wanted to take the shortest time possible for the orientation program. The pre-visit gave me the understanding of the strategic company organization. The design and location of the company were done professional since it is organized just by the mode of viewing. Orientation creates a motive of working as a team, in all cases teamwork has been the foundation of a company maintain productivity and improving on the same. At the same time, the quality of the products and services gets to grow as the employees work as a team (Mattson, 2015). The Kronsys Inc employees were welcoming, and they showed me the hospitality that I have never had before. They were all willing to work with and give the directions in all activities I was to perform. It was encouraging at that point.

As preparation mechanism to the training that I was to undergo before the other related activities, I took a step of familiarizing myself with the concepts of SQL Web Application development process. The materials opened my mind, and I captured the necessary information about the SQL Web Application development process and project development process phases. This knowledge got my training program successful as I stood to understand the ideas. The focus of the project manager was about the agile software development technology that we described as the technique that he does always apply in developing and implementing his projects. At that time, I was able to have an understanding of the skills that an SQL programmer and developer must possess. Some of the skills that I noted as the critical included the knowledge in Microsoft SQL server side developing that include the SSIS, SSRS, and SSMS. Others were the T-SQL stored procedures and the triggers, administrative database experience, and the.NET development experience (Conte & Cravitz, 2000).

Reflection
Descriptively, orientation process can only be enjoyed if the place of work is conducive in any case. The orientation program was done accordingly though there was an assumption that I know the location of some of the offices, meeting places and other relevant places. This came in mind that indeed it was a great idea to make pre-visit to the Company as it provided direction to what I was expected to undertake. The idea made the orientation process successful that I was taking to imagine (Arthur, 2012). The management of any project is under the leadership of project managers, and the project manager stands to make sure that all the personnel he applies in the project are productive. The principle was a necessity that I was too through training that indeed provided the clear understanding of the SQL Web Application development process concepts and an overall project development process phases. The training as well was successful by the fact that I had done through pre-training preparation of consulting about what is expected as an SQL programmer and developer.

At this point, I had acquired the necessary and required knowledge that I was to apply to the remaining part of the program. To have the practical workings, I had to acquire an SQL developer application that I was to apply in creating the database objects. Therefore, there was the necessity of installing the SQL developer.

Oracle vs sql server

Introduction
Any enterprise evaluating a database management system solution for their data should also evaluate the systems regarding their management of data. The capabilities of the servers to properly manage data is the essence of having them in organizations since data is one of the most critical assets in any business whereby the success of any organization depends on how well it can use its data to make business decisions. The data needs to be available and its integrity and confidentiality preserved. If the data of organizations is not available or not protected, the enterprises are likely to lose millions of dollars due to unplanned downtime and negative publicity. Having good data management in organizations is critical to ensuring business success in today’s economy. The document offers a detailed comparative assessment of the two most popular servers, that is, Oracle and SQL Servers in light of data management.

Overview of Data Management in Oracle vs. SQL Server

One of the greatest challenges in the design of high availability information technology (IT) infrastructure is addressing the issues of data management. Data management, when it is done properly can reduce downtime that many organizations always face (Bassil, 2012). The IT companies should consider the potential causes of both planned and unplanned downtime when they are designing their IT infrastructure. We know that a server does play a dispensable role in managing the data so that it is always available and in the form I which it was saved. That helps in the continuity of business operations because they highly depend on that data. Data failures in organizations can result from the human errors, data corruptions or disasters, a, so it is the responsibility of a database management system to make sure that it includes features that can highly manage the data so that it is not negatively impacted by those events (Oracle Corporation, 2013).

While data failures are not frequent, their adverse effects on the business operations are very significant because it results in high costs of downtime. The database management system used, whether Oracle or SQL Server should allow for the maintenance activities to take place transparently, and that causes no or minimal interruptions to the normal business orations. The Oracle database comes with a plethora of capabilities integrated to ensure that organizations can minimize data failures as much as possible so that they do not adversely impact their businesses (Callan et al., 2010). For instance, the Oracle Multitenant is a new option in Oracle that delivers a groundbreaking technology useful in database consolidation as well as cloud computing. It also makes extreme high data and system availability a fundamental requirement wherever database consideration ahs application to the business critical applications.

The Microsoft Corporation introduced the Always On solution in their SQL Server for the purpose of addressing the issue of high availability and disaster recovery requirements. The major features that are inclusive in SQL Server include the always on failover to address the instance failovers and the AlwaysOn Availability Group to address the failover of a set of databases (Bassil, 2012). Although the SQL Server introduced these new capabilities to better manage data, it cannot match the breadth and depth of the data management capabilities found in Oracle (Oracle Corporation, 2013). The SQL Server continues to lag behind regarding data availability and for that reason, the Oracle database has application in many companies that require high data management and system availability. There are also many differentiators as explained below regarding how data management takes place in Oracle and SQL Server. Note that the SQL Server referred to here is the SQL Server 2012 whereas the Oracle database referred is the Oracle 12c EE (Enterprise Edition).

The Oracle database incorporates an inbuilt database failure detection, repair, and analysis whereas the SQL Server lacks this feature (Oracle Corporation, 2013). In the light of this matter, Oracle includes a fast-start fault recovery functionality that controls the instant recovery. The feature helps in the reduction of the required time for cache recovery as well as recovery bounded by limiting the dirty buffers and redo records that are regenerated between the most recent record and the last checkpoint. The fast-start checkpointing in Oracle eliminates the bulk writes as well as the resultant I/O spikes that do occur in the case of conventional checkpointing (Callan et al., 2010). Unlike in SQL where the database is not open for applications to access only after the undo or rollback phases, the Oracle database is accessible by applications without the need to wait for the completion of rollback of undoing phases (Kumar, 2007). In the latter, in case, the user process encounters a crashed transaction that locks a row, what the database does is that it rolls back that row.

Whereas the SQL Server stores the undo data in the log files, the Oracle database stores similar data in the database, making the recovery process is very fast in Oracle than in SQL (Callan et al., 2010). The SQL Server has to carry out expensive sequential scanning of the log files, hence increasing the mean time to recover from a data failure. Also, in Oracle, there is an incremental backup strategy while SQL server supports partials backup strategy. Oracle also incorporates a proactive disk health checks using an automatic corruption repair while the SQL Server does not have such a feature (Oracle Corporation, 2013). The data manager in Oracle does not have to check manually for the health of the disks because of that automatic feature. That simplifies the work of managing the data in Oracle as compared to the same tasks in SQL Server where there have to be manual disk health checks.

The standby apply progress in the Oracle databases does not have any performance impact on the primary database or data protection whereas in SQL Server it does have an impact (Callan et al., 2010). However, in Oracle, there are silent corruptions that can be detected as a result of software/hardware faults at the standby and the primary database; such defaults are not detectable in SQL Server. Oracle can quickly recover from logical corruptions and the human errors while in Oracle, it takes a long time to recover (Bassil, 2012). That is because SQL Server puts much responsibility on the hands of the database manager whereas the Oracle database comprises of features that make the recovery automatically. The Oracle database includes the integrated and automatic database failover that guarantees a zero data loss as well as a no split-brain (Kumar, 2007). That feature is lacking in SQL server, thus making it vulnerable to data loss.

The SQL Server’s AlwaysOn feature is a failover cluster instance running in a failover cluster that comprises of multiple failover clustering nodes for Windows. That offers a high availability via redundancy especially at the instance level (Kumar, 2007). That can also be useful in providing remote disaster recovery using multi-subnet failover cluster instance. It allows the hosting of an availability replica by either a failover clustering instance or a standalone instance of the server. That means the database manager can use the failover clustering instance for local instance-level high availability as well as the Availability Groups to offer database level disaster recovery. That feature may give an impression that it is similar to Oracle’s data guard and real application clusters. While the SQL Server’s failover clustering instances and the secondary nodes are all passive: are offline and do not start the SQL Server instances in a steady-state, the Oracle data guard and the real application clusters do start their respective database instances in a steady-state mode and are always online (Kumar, 2007). That is useful in data management at all times.

The Football Pitch

The wheels continued to orbit on the axis of the hubcaps, all the way to Panola. It was a ten-mile trip that seemed to that it would not end in the next few decades. I could hear a whoosh, whoosh sound of the wheels as they ran through the rain puddles created earlier on that day. There was dead silence making one to hear even the drop of a pin on a sandy ground. We were all aware of what was at stake. Although it was a different thing for all of us, the obvious fact for both sides was that for us to have bragging rights in our future sports, we had to win this game. Every game in that season would not matter to us unless we won that game.

Every hit would be a nostalgic moment in our lives when we get old and are sitting down drinking coffee or porridge. We should be talking about the way we used to fly around the pitch, telling stories of who knocked who, or who hit who on their can. The bus was more of a tense silence than a sleeping silence such as the silence that is felt when groups of civilians invade the surrounding of another and expect to leave with items with which they should not leave. The most important thing that we expected to leave with was a good name or respect. The social activities help people to socialize and to read each others’ minds. The participation in social activities is a crucial element of the well-being of people as they help in enhancing empathy, communication, and connections.

The air was misty and dump and that gave us an impression that there was a possibility of postponing our game or have a game where we would be soggy with other liquids other than sweat. The house where we spent some time before the game commenced was full of the smell of hamburgers and hot dogs. The people that prepared that food stared at us with an intent that we would be overcome and succumb to their call. That put an awkward silence in the room, and we wanted to prove them wrong, that we would not give in to the call to buy the food. We knew that better planning of the activity ahead of us required us to be strong and tailor our efforts towards winning the game.

We then walked onto the pitch with our heads high as our pride also shined. It was clear in our walk that we were not going to back down on anything or anyone, that there was no weather too ferocious or an opponent that would be too large to make us lose the game. Then the heavens began to sprinkle as the air was filled screams and yelling. The field began receiving the players for both sides. It was indeed a great day for me. As we walked on top the pitch, anther feeling stepped onto my mind; we are not going to be outdone by the opponent in any way whatsoever. The smell in the field was like wet mildew as the red and white flew round the field. We played like that until the rain stopped and the results were impressive, yes, they were indeed impressive but to the favor of the opponent. I learned that proper planning results in success and that was where we failed.