Alcohol Mughith Faisal

Introduction
Alcohol is a highly addictive beverage that has a strong effect on people who consume it. The more a person drinks the high the likelihood that the person’s mental status will be affected. Alcohol consumption can impair judgment resulting to the engagement in risky behavior. Moderate alcohol consumption, on the other hand, does not affect an individual’s thinking capacity and behavior. In short, the effects of alcohol vary depending on the quantity of alcohol consumed, the frequency of drinking, and the age of the drinker. Over consumption of alcohol can results to immediate consequences such as memory problems, slurred speech, and confusion, engagement in risky behaviors, increased risk of violence and increased risk of accidents. Long-term misuses of alcohol can also lead to alcohol use disorders such as alcohol addiction, and a mirage of diseases included liver cirrhosis and certain types of cancer. Teenagers and young adults are well aware of this risks, but it does not deter them from engaging in reckless drinking. The online survey strives to find out why people drink and how drinking affects their decision making and subsequently, the rest of their lives.

Methodology
The online survey focused on determining how alcohol affects the user’s decision and choices. The survey also focused on determining whether the participants engage in bad decisions and participate in unprotected sex when intoxicated. The online survey consisted of ten questions that comprise of general questions such as the participant’s gender and age bracket. The questions then become more personalized and focused on the drinking habits of the participant. For instance, the participant is asked when he or she began drinking and the frequency of his or her drinking habit. At the end of the survey, participants respond to whether he or she has ever made choices under the influence of alcohol that he or she has come to regret. The complete set of questions asked and the response results are provided in Appendix 1 below. In total, there were ten questions set for the participants.

Results
A total of 35 participants responded to the open survey questions on alcohol consumption and their influence on the choices and behavior. 31 participants responded from the web link while four responses were from social media.13 participants (37.14%) were female respondents while 22 participants (62.86%) were male. 87.71% of the respondent were between the ages of 18-24 while 14.29% were 25-34 years old. 80% of the respondents admitted having drunk alcohol before with only 20% admitting not to have taken alcohol. 12out of 12 participants (100%) admitted having begun taking alcohol between the ages of 18-24years. On the frequency of the consumption of alcohol, 37.14% of the participants admitted that they consume alcohol 2-4 times a week. 17.14% admitted to taking alcohol at least 2-4 times a month while 14.29% admitted to taking alcohol at least once a month. 8.57% take alcohol every day while 22.86% indicated that they do not take alcohol.

When asked why they began to take alcohol, 66.67% admitted that they succumbed to peer pressure, 16.67% began to take alcohol for fun while 8.33% began to take alcohol out of curiosity as well as to forget their problems. Questioned on their effort to try and stop drinking alcohol, 67.65% admitted having tried while 32.35% admitted having made no attempt to stop the habit. The respondents were also asked about their ability to control themselves while under the influence of alcohol. 1participant skipped the question, but 61.76% responded that they control themselves while 14.71% admitted that they cannot control themselves. 23.53% of the participants were unsure of whether they can control themselves. 52.94% admitted having engaged in unprotected sex while 47.06% denied having engaged in unprotected sex. 55.88% regretted the choices they made while under the influence while 44.12% did not regret their choices.

Findings/Analysis

The findings highlighted the serious situation of alcohol consumption among teenagers and young adults. The habit of alcohol consumption begins at a very young age thus increasing the risk of over-dependence and alcoholism. 87.71% are at a critical age of their life (18-24), and the choices and decisions they make can affect their wellbeing in the future. The pressure to fits in is also a prevalent cause that drives young adults to begin taking alcohol. 66.67% take alcohol because of peer pressure. The finding is an indicator that most young adults take alcohol as a way of fitting in among their peers, friends, and colleagues. According to Boyles (2007), the presence of peers increases the risk of risk taking. An individual may be aware of the risks of indulging in alcohol consumption, but he may still engage in the behavior when surrounding by his or her peers. Boyle (2007) indicates that individuals may be educated on the risks of behavior, for example, alcohol consumption but may still be undeterred to engage in the practice when in the company of peers.

The results also reveal the increased risk of engaging in risky behavior due to alcohol consumption. For instance, the risk of engaging in unprotected sex is high when the individual is under the influence of alcohol. Alcohol clouds the drinker’s judgment thus affecting his or her ability to reason clearly. According to CDC (2013) report on youth risk behavior surveillance, many people engage in behavior that put them at risk of morbidity and mortality. Numerous behavior including taking alcohol and engaging in unprotected/risky sexual encounters have increased thus putting the youth’s health outcome at risk.

Recommendation/Future Actions

There is a need for intensive and continuous awareness of the risk and influence of alcohol consumption in public. The effects to eradicate alcohol misuse in the society must involve parents as well as the young adults. The young adults must continue to be made aware of the negative impact of risk habits such as excessive alcohol consumption. From the findings, it is apparent that most young adults are aware of the risk of alcohol consumption hence their efforts to stop the habit. Therefore, it is importance for intensive public awareness on cessation of alcohol to continue so that the young adults never assume that it is alright to misuse alcohol. Similarly, parents must be encouraged to play an active role in their children’s life. Regular monitoring will ensure that the parent or guardian is aware of her or his child whereabouts thus minimizing the chances of risky and irresponsible behavior. Communities can establish alternative pass time activities that ensure that young adults are engaged. The availability of plenty of ideal time increases the risk of engaging in habits such as excessive alcohol consumption. For instance, the provision of sports activities around learning institutions and the community provides young adults with alternative ways to pass their time.

Conclusion
It is apparent that young adults find themselves in a tight spot when it comes to making a decision such as not consuming alcohol. At one hand, they are faced with voluminous information n the risks involved with the misuse of alcohol among other drugs. On the other hand, they are faced with the desire to fit in by impressing their friends. Peer pressure pushes most young adults to engage in excessive alcohol intake irrespective of the knowledge of potential risks. There is a need for intensive awareness on the risk of excessive alcohol consumption. The young adults need to learn that excessive alcohol consumption does not help an individual fit it in a group, it does not help resolve problems and it is not a way of having fun.

Persuasive Research Paper

Introduction
Our society has encountered many controversial issues one of these being that of the allowance of the ownership of firearms as per the second amendment of the constitution of the United States. Debates crop up every dawn with regards to why the constitution should license the ownership of guns even by individuals or citizens. Apparently, today the government of the US faces the challenge of limiting the cases of assaults these rifles have been involved in. The thing is, though the government has all the powers to enact laws, it faces the stiff challenge of governing raffles ownership and usage since citizens who have them cite the second amendment. There may exist all prudent reasons why gun ownership should be allowed. Nevertheless, I remain discrete and adamant that licensing citizens to firearms is risky to the lives of the same citizens. In this paper, I will discuss the reasons or arguments for gun’s ownership that people give and give the reasons why licensing citizen’s rifle ownership is not plausible. Finally, I will give my stand on this issue and why the government and its citizenry should think deeply about eliminating the clause that allows free ownership of firearms.

Arguments for guns
One of the reasons that some individuals give for their owning a gun is protection from their counterparts who may have a gun (Lott, 2010). These are individuals who defend their ownership of guns by stating that there is no other way they can protect themselves and their family from intruders who have guns unless they also have guns (Lott, 2010). Apparently, judging with no bias, these defenses could be ultimately true. However, I am brought back to cases that depict contrary to the above claims. Sometimes ago, a Colorado teen shot and killed in a prank. Later in the news, an 18-year-old girl was shot and killed by a close family friend who justified her deeds by saying that she thought she was a home intruder. These are just a few cases of events captured by the media; there could be more cases of accidental shooting done by children or adults during rampages and other events that the media was not able to capture. No matter what reason given why these accidental shooting happened, they shine a glimmer of light on the reality of the situation. Whenever a gun is involved, there is the probability of life being lost or somebody lying in the hospital fighting for his/her life (Kleck, 2005).

Second Amendment
My appeal that guns are awful and should be banned in the community will face the challenge by the second amendment that calls it a ‘right’ to a person to own a gun if he/she wants to. This amendment that “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed (Whitney, 2012).” In simpler terms, the second Amendment states that anyone has a right to bear arms. In any case, I understand that it would be illegal to ban guns in the community. However, my argument for the review of this clause is about safety and not about defying the law.

Flaws with the Second Amendment
There are many defects that I can cite in any law that permits the ownership of arms by every individual in the society. Firstly, everyone understands that the police or any other section of the armed forces of the United States or any other country undergoes a large period of training before they are allowed to take arms and go out to defend the citizens. From this statement, what we deduce is that for an individual to be allowed to handle a firearm, he/she should undergo ethical training of how to use the gun and at what circumstances (Charles, 2009). Apparently, though the amendment permits the ownership of these arms, it does not demand that the person is trained in handling the arm and after satisfying some formal conditions. The federal law allows a person to purchase a gun as long as he is over 18 years of age (Charles, 2009). The only people nullified from this right are fugitives, illegal aliens, indicted persons and those who have a criminal history. Apparently, even though a person may not fall in the above cases of people, it does not mean he/she cannot misuse the firearm. We cannot wait for one person to kill or injure another so that we can take the step of denying him/her the right to own a gun.That is the reason there are dozens of people dying each day from gun violence. Since the Second Amendment was adopted in 1791, 31 federal court cases about gun laws have been witnessed. Out of these, six were presented in United States District Courts, 19 in the Courts of Appeals, while the remainder has reached the Supreme Courts (Kleck, 2005).

Secondly, firearms are expensive, which implies that only rich people in the community may have the capacity to purchase. As such, this will further the gap between the poor from the rich in the society. It will make the poor feel insecure in the hands of the rich yet it can be said that these is only because of the Second Amendment.

The Bigger Picture
Even though the federal laws set regulations stating who can purchase a firearm, we still hear of dozens of cases involving deaths of people caused through guns. In the above sections, I cited the people nullified from gun ownership. These are all people who may lose control and end up misusing the firearms. However, my question is, how will the gun-dealer identify if a person is mentally unstable, if he/she has a criminal record such as domestic violence, is a fugitive or an illegal alien? That shows how immeasurable and vague the regulations set for the ownership of guns are. In reality, these laws just exist for the sake of appearance but do not function. Even if they were there, the life of the shot person could not be recovered by the arrest of his/her shooter (Kleck, 2005).

Nullifying the law permitting the free ownership of firearms would be my first appeal. If this is not possible, tougher regulations for gun handling are required to ensure the safety of our society. I persuade the government to ensure this to happen because guns kill, accidentally or on purpose. The bigger picture shows that on average; about 280 people suffer accidental gunshots. Out of these, some are on purposes and are categorized as murder where people kill others or themselves on purpose. Some are accidental and may happen during police intervention (Kleck, 2005

The USMLE Pathway program in hyderabad

The USMLE Pathway program is a structured pathway designed to guide medical students and graduates through the process of applying for the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) and ultimately obtaining a medical license to practice in the United States. Here is a step-by-step guide to the USMLE Pathway program:

1. Eligibility Assessment:
– Determine your eligibility to take the USMLE exams based on your medical school status and educational background.
– Make sure you meet the requirements set by the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) if you are a foreign medical graduate.

2. ECFMG Certification:
– Apply for ECFMG certification, which is a prerequisite for taking the USMLE exams.
– Submit necessary documents and verification of your medical education credentials to ECFMG.

3. USMLE Exam Registration:
– Register for the USMLE Step 1, Step 2 CK (Clinical Knowledge), and Step 2 CS (Clinical Skills) exams through the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) or the ECFMG, depending on your eligibility.

4. Exam Preparation:
– Utilize study resources such as review books, question banks, and practice exams to prepare for the USMLE exams.
– Develop a study schedule and set realistic goals for each exam.

5. Exam Administration:
– Take the USMLE Step 1, Step 2 CK, and Step 2 CS exams at designated testing centers on the scheduled dates.
– Follow all exam policies and procedures to ensure a smooth testing experience.

6. Graduation and Residency Application:
– Complete medical school requirements and obtain your medical degree.
– Begin the residency application process by applying to residency programs through the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS).

7. USMLE Step 3:
– Register for the USMLE Step 3 exam after completing the first year of postgraduate training (PGY-1) in a residency program.
– Prepare for the Step 3 exam while gaining clinical experience during residency training.

8. Residency Match:
– Participate in the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) Match to secure a residency position in your desired specialty.
– Rank residency programs based on your preferences and participate in the matching process.

9. Medical Licensure:
– Obtain a full medical license to practice in the United States after completing residency training and fulfilling all state licensing requirements.
– Apply for medical licensure through the state medical board where you plan to practice.

10. Continuing Medical Education (CME):
– Stay current with medical knowledge and practice by engaging in continuing medical education activities and meeting CME requirements for license renewal.
– Maintain professionalism and commitment to lifelong learning in the field of medicine.

By following these steps in the USMLE Pathway program, medical students and graduates can navigate the process of becoming licensed physicians in the United States successfully.