Principles of Management

Definition of Leadership
Leadership is the process by which individuals can guide, direct and influence other’s behaviors towards the accomplishment of set goals. It is the ability to influence others towards the realization of a goal. A leader plays various roles to induce follower to take their roles with confidence and zeal including developing future visions and motivating to attain the visions. Leadership denotes the number of qualities to be present in an individual. Leadership is situation bound, and there is no best style of leadership (Nahavandi, 2016). There is a difference between the concept of leadership and the concept of management. Managers are fundamentally focused on directing people and allocating resources to accomplish tasks (Grohar et al., 2016). Managers employ strong administrative abilities, given that much of their role involves providing instructions to subordinates and reporting results to superiors. Leaders can be managers.

Personal Skills/Weaknesses

As a leader, my greatest strength lies in being Open-minded. I keep my mind open while being flexible. This enables me to adjust when necessary. I am also committed to investing, developing and maintaining great relationships. I consider myself a decisive person. The rapid pace of processes and increasing time pressures necessitates dealing with the speed amidst the complexity. I tend to make sound, justifiable decisions in a timely manner, particularly in times of uncertainty and crisis. I am also inspirational. People say I am self-driven and fueled by my beliefs as well as an internal drive and passion. I am a persistent individual. I believe that persistence beats resistance. Some things take the time to accomplish. To achieve them, there is a need for persistent. As a result, I am always willing to go beyond where others stop. I am also a good communicator. I easily make people aware of my expectations, thoughts, and ideas.

I have various weaknesses. The first weakness lies in my tendency to be a perfect. I get things done right. However, this leads to attrition and burnout. As a result, it may diminish potential returns over time. I realize the importance of being more accommodating and accepting of small failures, letting go and delegating, allowing for diversity of action and thought and understanding that good enough is often good enough. The second weakness is that I am Over-optimism about strategies and people. The tendency has negative impacts as I may hang on to lower-performing individuals and strategies for too long. As a leader, there is need to recognize the grace in realism so as to see things accurately as they are versus how they should be.

Description of Leadership Experience
One of the most memorable leadership experiences was a picnic trip in summer 2016. The event took place on the month of August. Throughout the trip to Andover City Park in Kansas, I played the role of a leader. My role was to lead my group of 15 members. As the recreation trip leader, I was responsible for planning, leading, instruction and facilitating activities. Safety, as it pertains to the picnic, the skill level of students, and location that the trip was of main concern. I comfortably managed a diverse group of people during the outdoor setting and made decisions for the good of the group. In addition to leading the group, I assisted patrons with their outdoor adventure equipment needs including training, fitting and educating students about the outdoor adventure kits. I was expected to correctly operate cash and reconciliation procedures and engage students in a supportive and friendly demeanor. As the leader, I felt proud that students recognized my leadership skills.

Leadership Skills Used

The activity required the leader to use a number of skills. Communication skill was the most commonly used throughout the activity. As a leader, it is necessary to be able to clearly and succinctly express expectations to your followers. As a leader, it is important to master all forms of communication through all available means. A large part of communication involved listening. The first step was to establish a steady flow of information between team members through regular conversations with team members.

As a leader, I inspired my team members to go the extra mile for the purpose of achieving our objectives. I motivated my teammates through different ways. These include building their self-esteem and giving them responsibilities to increase their participation in the activity.

Strategic thinking
This was perhaps the most critical skill I utilized. Application of this skills involved having an objective of what was expected and influencing team members to achieve that objective. It could not be possible to achieve objectives without communication, optimism, crisis management and effective solving of conflicts between team members. It is clear that working in a team may prove difficult than working as an individual. This is particularly so when team members have conflicting goals, fail to share information and lose themselves in an unproductive argument. Critical thinking helped create a sense of urgency also contributed to the effectiveness of the team. I was able to propel team members to get busy and carryout the activity at the desired pace.

Leaders focus on influencing others. Unlike managers, followers follow leaders due to their personality and their beliefs. As a leader, my greatest strength lies in being Open-minded, persistent, commitment to investing, developing and maintaining great relationships. I have various weaknesses including perfectionism and Over-optimism. My leadership experience was a picnic trip in summer 2016. As the recreation trip leader, I was responsible for planning, leading, instruction and facilitating activities. Skills used include Communication, Motivation and critical thinking.

The USMLE Pathway program in hyderabad

The USMLE Pathway program is a structured pathway designed to guide medical students and graduates through the process of applying for the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) and ultimately obtaining a medical license to practice in the United States. Here is a step-by-step guide to the USMLE Pathway program:

1. Eligibility Assessment:
– Determine your eligibility to take the USMLE exams based on your medical school status and educational background.
– Make sure you meet the requirements set by the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) if you are a foreign medical graduate.

2. ECFMG Certification:
– Apply for ECFMG certification, which is a prerequisite for taking the USMLE exams.
– Submit necessary documents and verification of your medical education credentials to ECFMG.

3. USMLE Exam Registration:
– Register for the USMLE Step 1, Step 2 CK (Clinical Knowledge), and Step 2 CS (Clinical Skills) exams through the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) or the ECFMG, depending on your eligibility.

4. Exam Preparation:
– Utilize study resources such as review books, question banks, and practice exams to prepare for the USMLE exams.
– Develop a study schedule and set realistic goals for each exam.

5. Exam Administration:
– Take the USMLE Step 1, Step 2 CK, and Step 2 CS exams at designated testing centers on the scheduled dates.
– Follow all exam policies and procedures to ensure a smooth testing experience.

6. Graduation and Residency Application:
– Complete medical school requirements and obtain your medical degree.
– Begin the residency application process by applying to residency programs through the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS).

7. USMLE Step 3:
– Register for the USMLE Step 3 exam after completing the first year of postgraduate training (PGY-1) in a residency program.
– Prepare for the Step 3 exam while gaining clinical experience during residency training.

8. Residency Match:
– Participate in the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) Match to secure a residency position in your desired specialty.
– Rank residency programs based on your preferences and participate in the matching process.

9. Medical Licensure:
– Obtain a full medical license to practice in the United States after completing residency training and fulfilling all state licensing requirements.
– Apply for medical licensure through the state medical board where you plan to practice.

10. Continuing Medical Education (CME):
– Stay current with medical knowledge and practice by engaging in continuing medical education activities and meeting CME requirements for license renewal.
– Maintain professionalism and commitment to lifelong learning in the field of medicine.

By following these steps in the USMLE Pathway program, medical students and graduates can navigate the process of becoming licensed physicians in the United States successfully.

Writer May Choose It

Human society has expectations for behavior that becomes its shared culture. The implicit social norms get communicated to generations at an early age and have a strong influence on the behavior up to adulthood. These social norms govern the culture. They are therefore implicit or explicit regulations an individual segment has for morally acceptable behaviors, beliefs and values of its members. For instance, people’s view of the norms significantly influences the behavior. Implicit social norms get stated openly, but one discovers them the moment they disobey. The implicit moral rules are laws people conform to in the society, and usually these laws make a living as a group more comfortable.

Brushing My Teeth at the Table in the Restaurant
Brushing of teeth is usually what many people get surprised when they see it. Almost every facet of people condemns this behavior and mostly and they usually never think that it can get done in public places like the restaurant. This type of behavior gets observed as awkwardness or complete lack of reasoning. In many situations it occurs it attracts attention as well as a surprise to those around the norm violator. The society, therefore, does not expect a person to brush his or her teeth in the public restaurant places.

Reason for Choosing Brushing Teeth at the Table of the Restaurant
While I was looking for glue on norm to violate, my thinking ran to a less risky rule to violate. I discovered the idea to brush the teeth at the restaurant table. In many public places and all people get discouraged from brushing teeth at the table public places or in the meal time. It is again unethical in government offices. The significant reason to choose this norm to violate was that it did not posses rough responses like getting beaten and; therefore, I was sure that I was not risking to get injured through people’s reactions. My other reason for adopting this type of norm violation as my study topic was that the public totally does not expect mature people to do it.

I wanted to violate it at the restaurant table to see how people around me react since the act was something that a conventional society do not expect anybody to do. My option of violating the norm of brushing the teeth at the restaurant was at luncheon of our graduation day in Villa Park restaurant. I waited until when my college mates were at the table having their delicious lunch. I ate quickly and finished the first one so that I could get their attention. We were over fifty at the table. The rest of my colleagues had gathered with smiling faces of academic transition. Since my plan was to get executed, I was sure and execrated adverse reactions to emanate from them. I was also sure that someone’s appetite would get lost

Reaction before Brushing the Teeth
When the time came for my plan execution, at first, I felt a bit nervous since the new fear that was developing in me would temper with my norm violation. I breathed deeply, stood and pulled my back. My friends at the table were surprised to see me eating in two minutes. Their eyes got focused on my unusualness. I took my tooth passed smeared it on my toothbrush with fingers and started brushing while my friend was eating. At the time of splitting the foam, I felt high since I was aware that every person present got focused on me never focused on me. I felt like day dreaming. I did not imagine I had the valor of doing it publicly.

Reaction of people during and after Brushing the Teeth
My friends and other people around got irritated. They clicked, and while others almost vomited the food they had eaten. My friends threw abuses at me. People stared at me with mouths agape. I could see young ladies silently pointing to each other to see what I was doing. I could see wrinkles of furious faces directed to me. If I were young, I could have faced the music. A small number of my friends broke into laughter. I heard people arguing that I had grown mad. ‘This is the effect of the use of bhang among university students,’ said one old woman who sat at the nearby table. Are you serious? Don’t be stupid, idiot were the words directed to me. It realized that minor norm violation has a discomforting effect on people around.

After violating the norm, I learned that fundamental standards in our society negatively affect those around us. A part of learning that I had ashamed myself, I had also ashamed my friends and other people in the hotel who were celebrating their graduation. I heard the abuses coming from even my closest friends. I hurriedly left the restaurant with my friends avoiding me. They stared at me as if I was the devils incarnate. At this point, I learned lot about social control. I discovered that norms were reinforced through approval while condemned through disapproval. The support promotes behavior and contrary, disapproval like the abuses I received; friends were clicking and people associating me with drugs are ways of behavioral controls in our society.

Lesson Learned about Norms and Social Control
Norm violation leads an indigent public image and the self-image. When a rule gets violated in the society, people react to it in a different manner. Their reactions usually get directed to discouraging the individual acts. For instance, my friend and the old lady in the restaurant reacted negatively to discourage me from such behavior.

Two, our society have control, but on the other hand, there is a group in the society that promotes norm violation through approving socially inappropriate behavior. For my case, some the friends broke into laughter and chanted at me. These kinds of reaction act as negative behavior reinforcement.

The other lesson from this norm violation is that norm violation in most cases does not attract legal penalties but negative social responses. Norms also aim at making those around us comfortable. In conclusion, rules play a critical role in shaping the behavior of the society. Members of the community have the responsibility in social control. Norms are therefore important in the society because they control human relationships. Approval and disapproval are the key controls in the society that promote societal norms that are the foundation of morality.