Discussion question

Introduction
In various scientific inquiries, our aim is always to establish the causes of something. For example, we might want to establish the true causes of autism or causes of cancer or how the drug enables a patient to feel better and less pain. Also, we can be interested in knowing which cultural practices result in environmental problems in many other aspects. In such instances, we are testing the causal models. On the other hand, scientific studies also aim to establish the correlations between variables. Correlations aim at finding out the associations of variables. Variables are aspects that researchers measure which may differ from one observation to another, for example, behavior, weight, height, lifespan, income, grade-point average and fat intake. With the variables, we can assign a value to represent the variables.

Causation and correlation

We frequently experience instances of misuse between causation and correlation. For example in a British newspaper, it provides reports from a group of teenagers who were to give information about their behaviors. The survey aimed to establish if the parents of these teenagers were smokers. As a fact, the newspaper reported that children were exhibiting delinquent behaviors had parents who smoke. The results of this study seem to indicate correlations between two variables. However the headline of this printed newspaper is entitled, “”Parental smoking causes children to misbehave” Criticalthinking.org.uk, 2006). The professor in charge of the investigation mentions that cigarettes pack should have a warning b about the prominent health warnings and various social issues. However, this is a problematic assumption. First, the correlations there might be a reverse in that delinquent children make their parents have stress making them smoke.

Another example of a correlation that is assumed to be a cause is that children with bigger feet can better spell than those with smaller feet. The odd results of this study’s explanation are that those children with bigger feet are older and not quite related to being better in spelling. As children grow they develop big feet (Paulo, 2010).

Another example is that the countries in the south have high rates of divorces and lower rates of death. There is also the example that nations adding fluoride to their water experience a high level of cancer unlike those which do not. Though there are studies that have come to such findings, these responses would make more sense if the researchers would acknowledge the differences between causation and correlations (Murch, et al., 2004).

The 1998 study kindles the opposition to vaccine firestorm that provides suggestions that autism is as a result of vaccines have no support from the General Medical Council. The participants were biased, and it made the researcher commit various ethical breaches in his work. Andrew Wakefield‘s research paper no longer exists. The Researcher analyzed the health of 12 children showing signs of colon inflammation and autism shortly after receiving the MMR vaccinations (Wakefield, et al., 1998). T

hough this study raises alarms about autism and vaccine, a closer examination of this paper indicate a range of warning signs.. The researchers in their conclusion state flatly that, we did not find a close association between mumps, measles, and the syndrome and rubella vaccine. The researcher mentions that they have managed to identify that chronic enterocolitis among children could relate to neuropsychiatric dysfunction. Additionally, they state that the onset of symptoms was after, rubella, mumps and measles immunization. And that further examination should be done in studying the symptoms and its possible relation to the vaccine). This is a tame language and only studying 12 participants makes the study to lack credibility and validity (Stehr-Green, Tull, & Simpson, 2003). Up to date, no study has established the connection between autism and MMR shots. The evidence of a-pick-and-choose recruitment method is bias leading to a discredit of its conclusion (DeStefano, 2007).

Correlation provides a statistical measure that describes the direction and size of the relationship between one or two variables. However, the correlation between variables does not automatically mean a change in one of the variables as being the reason for the change in other variables values. Causation, however, means that one event leads to the occurrence of another event which means that there is a causal relationship in two variables (The Lancet, 2010). For example, smoking has a correlation to alcoholism, but it is not the main cause of alcoholism. Rather smoking causes a higher risk of lung cancer development.

Therefore incorrectly linking causation and correlation principles will lead to posthoc reasoning in which the incorrect assumptions generations are the incorrect links of two effects. The principles of causation and correlations are crucial to all researchers and scientists. It is also important for other not -scientists who study marketing, media and politics. Knowing these principles helps to promote honest evaluation and greater understanding to individuals at all ages (Science Daily, 2013).

Orientation and Training

Iteration 1: Orientation and Training
Student Name
Course
Instructor
Date

Plan

My internship program at Kronsys Inc was purposely for acquiring the skills and experience of being an expert as an SQL programmer and developer. I began my program with the orientation to the company and training of the SQL Webpage development process aspects. The actions of the process were developed through the following several tires of primarily familiarizing me to the company SQL Web Application developers along with the overall Kronsys Inc management. The second division of the orientation and training process was the familiarization with the aspects of SQL Webpage development process. In this case, I had to develop a detailed program of reviewing the tutorials, guidebooks, and journals in preparation for the training. The training preparation is the basis for establishing the ground of easily capturing and understanding what entails in project development and overall SQL Webpage development process.

To facilitate the individual training preparations I made some consultations to the company SQL web Application Developer professional for the guidance on how I was to go about the process. The third tier of the program was to hold a meeting with the project manager and the SQL and PL/SQL administrators for the understanding of the skills desirable for an SQL Programmer and Web Application developer. The last tier was the training on the different aspects of SQL Webpage development process along with the best understanding of different phases of project development life cycle. The internship program was scheduled to take the duration of two weeks. The activities within the orientation and training phase of the project will be undertaken in a sequential manner to ensure that the deliverables are much helpful to my future career of being an SQL programmer and Web developer expert.

Action
As a new attachee within the Kronsys Inc, I made pre-visit to the company before the reporting day to have the easy understating of the physical organization and location of the different departments of the organization. I made a visit as an ordinary guest and got to have the knowledge of the terrain of the company. On reporting, I begun with the introduction to the company SQL Web Application developing staff. The process was essential for the creation of the relationship that will allow the teamwork during my overall activities that I undertook at the company. The familiarization process was done by the movement from one office to the other. The knowing of each other gave me the courage now to begin on the program by developing a schedule of how I was to understand the aspects of SQL Web Application development process. I collected the relevant materials relating to the concept. The materials I majored in were the journals and the textbooks alongside the online studying. This was the preparation for the training of the SQL Web Application development concepts.

I studied the concepts under the guidance of the SQL Web Application development professional whom I made regular consultations. The consultation was to provide the way forward in the areas that I was too special and take much focus. The actions were the roots of understanding the principles of SQL Web Application development process during the training. After the individual training, I held a meeting that was described as the meeting of company governing and operational policies principles and procedures. The project manager defined and elaborated the governance of the company to secure the right direction for me. The following actions were holding meetings as the project manager takes me through the training of the SQL Web Application development process and overall project development process phases.

Observation
Orientation carries its weight when it comes to new staffs within an organization. I deliberately made the company pre-visit because I wanted to take the shortest time possible for the orientation program. The pre-visit gave me the understanding of the strategic company organization. The design and location of the company were done professional since it is organized just by the mode of viewing. Orientation creates a motive of working as a team, in all cases teamwork has been the foundation of a company maintain productivity and improving on the same. At the same time, the quality of the products and services gets to grow as the employees work as a team (Mattson, 2015). The Kronsys Inc employees were welcoming, and they showed me the hospitality that I have never had before. They were all willing to work with and give the directions in all activities I was to perform. It was encouraging at that point.

As preparation mechanism to the training that I was to undergo before the other related activities, I took a step of familiarizing myself with the concepts of SQL Web Application development process. The materials opened my mind, and I captured the necessary information about the SQL Web Application development process and project development process phases. This knowledge got my training program successful as I stood to understand the ideas. The focus of the project manager was about the agile software development technology that we described as the technique that he does always apply in developing and implementing his projects. At that time, I was able to have an understanding of the skills that an SQL programmer and developer must possess. Some of the skills that I noted as the critical included the knowledge in Microsoft SQL server side developing that include the SSIS, SSRS, and SSMS. Others were the T-SQL stored procedures and the triggers, administrative database experience, and the.NET development experience (Conte & Cravitz, 2000).

Reflection
Descriptively, orientation process can only be enjoyed if the place of work is conducive in any case. The orientation program was done accordingly though there was an assumption that I know the location of some of the offices, meeting places and other relevant places. This came in mind that indeed it was a great idea to make pre-visit to the Company as it provided direction to what I was expected to undertake. The idea made the orientation process successful that I was taking to imagine (Arthur, 2012). The management of any project is under the leadership of project managers, and the project manager stands to make sure that all the personnel he applies in the project are productive. The principle was a necessity that I was too through training that indeed provided the clear understanding of the SQL Web Application development process concepts and an overall project development process phases. The training as well was successful by the fact that I had done through pre-training preparation of consulting about what is expected as an SQL programmer and developer.

At this point, I had acquired the necessary and required knowledge that I was to apply to the remaining part of the program. To have the practical workings, I had to acquire an SQL developer application that I was to apply in creating the database objects. Therefore, there was the necessity of installing the SQL developer.

Pinnacle Hotel Management Institute: Leading the Way in Hospitality Education for Post-12th Students in Hyderabad

Embarking on the right career path after completing 12th grade is a crucial milestone. At Pinnacle Hotel Management Institute in Hyderabad, we are dedicated to guiding you towards a promising future. Renowned as one of the leading hotel management colleges in Hyderabad, we offer specialized programs designed to shape your career in the dynamic hospitality industry.

Discover Our Esteemed Programs
BHMTC (Bachelor of Hotel Management and Tourism Catering)
Unleash your potential in the world of hospitality with our BHMTC program, a gateway to thriving careers in hotel management and tourism catering. Join the ranks of industry leaders with a degree from one of Hyderabad’s premier hotel management colleges.

BCTCA (Bachelor of Catering Technology and Culinary Arts)
Ideal for aspiring culinary artists, our BCTCA program offers a comprehensive curriculum focusing on catering technology and culinary arts. Hone your skills at our esteemed institution, recognized as the best hotel management college in Hyderabad.

BBA (Bachelor of Business Administration)
Pinnacle’s BBA program lays the groundwork for leadership roles across diverse industries. Elevate your business acumen with top-tier education in the hospitality sector.

B.Sc Clinical Nutrition
Contribute to the healthcare sector with specialized knowledge in B.Sc Clinical Nutrition. Join our program at one of Hyderabad’s top hotel management colleges and make a difference in the field.

B.Com (Bachelor of Commerce)
In the dynamic realm of commerce, Pinnacle’s B.Com course opens doors to success. Choose excellence in education and propel your career forward at the best hotel management college in Hyderabad.

BCA (Bachelor of Computer Applications)
Embrace the digital age with our BCA program, tailored for tech enthusiasts looking to thrive in the hospitality industry. Gain expertise at one of Hyderabad’s premier hotel management colleges.

At Pinnacle, we recognize the importance of selecting the best hotel management college in Hyderabad after completing 12th grade. Explore our diverse range of courses, including culinary arts and hotel management programs, and embark on a journey filled with endless possibilities. Elevate your career aspirations with Pinnacle Hotel Management Institute.