Writer May Choose It

Human society has expectations for behavior that becomes its shared culture. The implicit social norms get communicated to generations at an early age and have a strong influence on the behavior up to adulthood. These social norms govern the culture. They are therefore implicit or explicit regulations an individual segment has for morally acceptable behaviors, beliefs and values of its members. For instance, people’s view of the norms significantly influences the behavior. Implicit social norms get stated openly, but one discovers them the moment they disobey. The implicit moral rules are laws people conform to in the society, and usually these laws make a living as a group more comfortable.

Brushing My Teeth at the Table in the Restaurant
Brushing of teeth is usually what many people get surprised when they see it. Almost every facet of people condemns this behavior and mostly and they usually never think that it can get done in public places like the restaurant. This type of behavior gets observed as awkwardness or complete lack of reasoning. In many situations it occurs it attracts attention as well as a surprise to those around the norm violator. The society, therefore, does not expect a person to brush his or her teeth in the public restaurant places.

Reason for Choosing Brushing Teeth at the Table of the Restaurant
While I was looking for glue on norm to violate, my thinking ran to a less risky rule to violate. I discovered the idea to brush the teeth at the restaurant table. In many public places and all people get discouraged from brushing teeth at the table public places or in the meal time. It is again unethical in government offices. The significant reason to choose this norm to violate was that it did not posses rough responses like getting beaten and; therefore, I was sure that I was not risking to get injured through people’s reactions. My other reason for adopting this type of norm violation as my study topic was that the public totally does not expect mature people to do it.

I wanted to violate it at the restaurant table to see how people around me react since the act was something that a conventional society do not expect anybody to do. My option of violating the norm of brushing the teeth at the restaurant was at luncheon of our graduation day in Villa Park restaurant. I waited until when my college mates were at the table having their delicious lunch. I ate quickly and finished the first one so that I could get their attention. We were over fifty at the table. The rest of my colleagues had gathered with smiling faces of academic transition. Since my plan was to get executed, I was sure and execrated adverse reactions to emanate from them. I was also sure that someone’s appetite would get lost

Reaction before Brushing the Teeth
When the time came for my plan execution, at first, I felt a bit nervous since the new fear that was developing in me would temper with my norm violation. I breathed deeply, stood and pulled my back. My friends at the table were surprised to see me eating in two minutes. Their eyes got focused on my unusualness. I took my tooth passed smeared it on my toothbrush with fingers and started brushing while my friend was eating. At the time of splitting the foam, I felt high since I was aware that every person present got focused on me never focused on me. I felt like day dreaming. I did not imagine I had the valor of doing it publicly.

Reaction of people during and after Brushing the Teeth
My friends and other people around got irritated. They clicked, and while others almost vomited the food they had eaten. My friends threw abuses at me. People stared at me with mouths agape. I could see young ladies silently pointing to each other to see what I was doing. I could see wrinkles of furious faces directed to me. If I were young, I could have faced the music. A small number of my friends broke into laughter. I heard people arguing that I had grown mad. ‘This is the effect of the use of bhang among university students,’ said one old woman who sat at the nearby table. Are you serious? Don’t be stupid, idiot were the words directed to me. It realized that minor norm violation has a discomforting effect on people around.

After violating the norm, I learned that fundamental standards in our society negatively affect those around us. A part of learning that I had ashamed myself, I had also ashamed my friends and other people in the hotel who were celebrating their graduation. I heard the abuses coming from even my closest friends. I hurriedly left the restaurant with my friends avoiding me. They stared at me as if I was the devils incarnate. At this point, I learned lot about social control. I discovered that norms were reinforced through approval while condemned through disapproval. The support promotes behavior and contrary, disapproval like the abuses I received; friends were clicking and people associating me with drugs are ways of behavioral controls in our society.

Lesson Learned about Norms and Social Control
Norm violation leads an indigent public image and the self-image. When a rule gets violated in the society, people react to it in a different manner. Their reactions usually get directed to discouraging the individual acts. For instance, my friend and the old lady in the restaurant reacted negatively to discourage me from such behavior.

Two, our society have control, but on the other hand, there is a group in the society that promotes norm violation through approving socially inappropriate behavior. For my case, some the friends broke into laughter and chanted at me. These kinds of reaction act as negative behavior reinforcement.

The other lesson from this norm violation is that norm violation in most cases does not attract legal penalties but negative social responses. Norms also aim at making those around us comfortable. In conclusion, rules play a critical role in shaping the behavior of the society. Members of the community have the responsibility in social control. Norms are therefore important in the society because they control human relationships. Approval and disapproval are the key controls in the society that promote societal norms that are the foundation of morality.

Good effect of a video game

Computerization in the people’s lives has become a usual thing for as long as computers have been in existence (Anderson, 2004). However, computers have brought with them problems along with their benefits. Although the computer is an instrument with which one can earn a living, the matter is in the way people use it. Additionally, it concerns video games, especially because of the fascinate children and teenagers. Video games have been part of people’s lives as they grow up. Video games started times back when Atari created the first gaming console which was a simple game of tennis. Now the market is filled with various types of video games. Video games have become the second nature of the children in the modern world and are comfortable playing them. As much as children have made video games their second nature, they have many bad and good effects.

The reason why this topic has been selected is that video games have both negative and positive effects. Additionally, video games pose a serious problem in various parts of the world and deserve more attention. There is no place in the world in the world including the United States that children and adult do not play video games every day. Although many players easily limit their play of the video game in a way that does not interfere with their lives, there are others who have gone on to develop an addiction to the playing of the video games and results in suffering detrimental effects. The reason why this topic interests me is although video games are frowned upon by many parents whose children have been addicted to it there is a good side of it. Video games have good effects. Furthermore, video games have the capability of changing one’s brain’s physical structure similar to the way learning to read, playing guitar, or navigating using a map does according to Sherry (2001).

I think from this research I am going to find the negative and positive effects of video games. I am going to find out ways in which video games is similar to exercise and the way it builds muscles. Disregarding the negative effects, I am going to find how the powerful combination of the brain concentration and rewarding surges of the neurotransmitters such as dopamine strengthens neural circuits thus building the brain. Additionally, I will find the extent to which video games “melt the brains of the players” and whether this assertion is true. The issues around video games are important (Egenfeldt-Nielsen et al., 2016).

The issues surrounding video games are important because parents are growing anxious about their children spending too much time playing a video game. Parents believe that video games are endangered a child’s state of mind and develop aggressiveness, narrow their range of interest, and impoverish their emotional sphere. While this might be true, there is a good side of video games. I am going to be taking the meaningful angle with my projects this semester. This means that I will bring to the whole learning about the topic at hand (Greitemeyer & Osswald, 2010).

Do video games have any positive impacts?
What are the main issues associated with the playing of video games?
Is the concern of the adverse impacts linked to video games on children founded on facts?
Why is the issue of the effect of video games becoming important?
What does literature say about the good effect of video games?
What are the specific good effects of video games?
What are the financial and social effects of video games?
The key issue in this research is investigating the good effects of playing video games. This is beside the fact that video games have both negative and positive effects and the fact the issue has become important with more children and teenagers increasingly becoming addicted to video games.

While investigating the good effects of video games, I will use case study. Good effects of video games are a real-life situation. Therefore, a case study is a good research methodology to study the situation with all its complexities thus discovering the factors which will contribute to the outcomes of the research. The case study will be used to study this situation (Swanborn, 2010) comprehensively. The reason for choosing case study as the methodology in this research is because it will be impossible to generalize from the findings from the case study. However, through a case study, I will be able to easily test whether and how theories and scientific models work in the real world (Hancock & Algozzine, 2015). Conducting case studies will give me a chance of drawing from my knowledge and research. Additionally, I will easily practice my skills of analysis and reasoning after which I will draw conclusions on the good effects of video games. I will draw case study from real life, and so it might be complex according to Easton (2010). Additionally, different readers of the case study might draw different conclusions from the case which is expected.

Oracle vs sql server

Any enterprise evaluating a database management system solution for their data should also evaluate the systems regarding their management of data. The capabilities of the servers to properly manage data is the essence of having them in organizations since data is one of the most critical assets in any business whereby the success of any organization depends on how well it can use its data to make business decisions. The data needs to be available and its integrity and confidentiality preserved. If the data of organizations is not available or not protected, the enterprises are likely to lose millions of dollars due to unplanned downtime and negative publicity. Having good data management in organizations is critical to ensuring business success in today’s economy. The document offers a detailed comparative assessment of the two most popular servers, that is, Oracle and SQL Servers in light of data management.

Overview of Data Management in Oracle vs. SQL Server

One of the greatest challenges in the design of high availability information technology (IT) infrastructure is addressing the issues of data management. Data management, when it is done properly can reduce downtime that many organizations always face (Bassil, 2012). The IT companies should consider the potential causes of both planned and unplanned downtime when they are designing their IT infrastructure. We know that a server does play a dispensable role in managing the data so that it is always available and in the form I which it was saved. That helps in the continuity of business operations because they highly depend on that data. Data failures in organizations can result from the human errors, data corruptions or disasters, a, so it is the responsibility of a database management system to make sure that it includes features that can highly manage the data so that it is not negatively impacted by those events (Oracle Corporation, 2013).

While data failures are not frequent, their adverse effects on the business operations are very significant because it results in high costs of downtime. The database management system used, whether Oracle or SQL Server should allow for the maintenance activities to take place transparently, and that causes no or minimal interruptions to the normal business orations. The Oracle database comes with a plethora of capabilities integrated to ensure that organizations can minimize data failures as much as possible so that they do not adversely impact their businesses (Callan et al., 2010). For instance, the Oracle Multitenant is a new option in Oracle that delivers a groundbreaking technology useful in database consolidation as well as cloud computing. It also makes extreme high data and system availability a fundamental requirement wherever database consideration ahs application to the business critical applications.

The Microsoft Corporation introduced the Always On solution in their SQL Server for the purpose of addressing the issue of high availability and disaster recovery requirements. The major features that are inclusive in SQL Server include the always on failover to address the instance failovers and the AlwaysOn Availability Group to address the failover of a set of databases (Bassil, 2012). Although the SQL Server introduced these new capabilities to better manage data, it cannot match the breadth and depth of the data management capabilities found in Oracle (Oracle Corporation, 2013). The SQL Server continues to lag behind regarding data availability and for that reason, the Oracle database has application in many companies that require high data management and system availability. There are also many differentiators as explained below regarding how data management takes place in Oracle and SQL Server. Note that the SQL Server referred to here is the SQL Server 2012 whereas the Oracle database referred is the Oracle 12c EE (Enterprise Edition).

The Oracle database incorporates an inbuilt database failure detection, repair, and analysis whereas the SQL Server lacks this feature (Oracle Corporation, 2013). In the light of this matter, Oracle includes a fast-start fault recovery functionality that controls the instant recovery. The feature helps in the reduction of the required time for cache recovery as well as recovery bounded by limiting the dirty buffers and redo records that are regenerated between the most recent record and the last checkpoint. The fast-start checkpointing in Oracle eliminates the bulk writes as well as the resultant I/O spikes that do occur in the case of conventional checkpointing (Callan et al., 2010). Unlike in SQL where the database is not open for applications to access only after the undo or rollback phases, the Oracle database is accessible by applications without the need to wait for the completion of rollback of undoing phases (Kumar, 2007). In the latter, in case, the user process encounters a crashed transaction that locks a row, what the database does is that it rolls back that row.

Whereas the SQL Server stores the undo data in the log files, the Oracle database stores similar data in the database, making the recovery process is very fast in Oracle than in SQL (Callan et al., 2010). The SQL Server has to carry out expensive sequential scanning of the log files, hence increasing the mean time to recover from a data failure. Also, in Oracle, there is an incremental backup strategy while SQL server supports partials backup strategy. Oracle also incorporates a proactive disk health checks using an automatic corruption repair while the SQL Server does not have such a feature (Oracle Corporation, 2013). The data manager in Oracle does not have to check manually for the health of the disks because of that automatic feature. That simplifies the work of managing the data in Oracle as compared to the same tasks in SQL Server where there have to be manual disk health checks.

The standby apply progress in the Oracle databases does not have any performance impact on the primary database or data protection whereas in SQL Server it does have an impact (Callan et al., 2010). However, in Oracle, there are silent corruptions that can be detected as a result of software/hardware faults at the standby and the primary database; such defaults are not detectable in SQL Server. Oracle can quickly recover from logical corruptions and the human errors while in Oracle, it takes a long time to recover (Bassil, 2012). That is because SQL Server puts much responsibility on the hands of the database manager whereas the Oracle database comprises of features that make the recovery automatically. The Oracle database includes the integrated and automatic database failover that guarantees a zero data loss as well as a no split-brain (Kumar, 2007). That feature is lacking in SQL server, thus making it vulnerable to data loss.

The SQL Server’s AlwaysOn feature is a failover cluster instance running in a failover cluster that comprises of multiple failover clustering nodes for Windows. That offers a high availability via redundancy especially at the instance level (Kumar, 2007). That can also be useful in providing remote disaster recovery using multi-subnet failover cluster instance. It allows the hosting of an availability replica by either a failover clustering instance or a standalone instance of the server. That means the database manager can use the failover clustering instance for local instance-level high availability as well as the Availability Groups to offer database level disaster recovery. That feature may give an impression that it is similar to Oracle’s data guard and real application clusters. While the SQL Server’s failover clustering instances and the secondary nodes are all passive: are offline and do not start the SQL Server instances in a steady-state, the Oracle data guard and the real application clusters do start their respective database instances in a steady-state mode and are always online (Kumar, 2007). That is useful in data management at all times.